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Home / Project Management Articles and News / Utility of Motivation Theories

Utility of Motivation Theories


A number of motivational theories give significance to the fundamental psychological wants to clarify particular person’s habits together with his/her involvement in purpose directed habits. Totally different theories have completely different utility within the sensible life. Among the functions of motivation theories are as follows: 

Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory and Its Applications 

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Wants
When one applies Maslow’s hierarchy of must organizations, the bottom order want shall be that of the wage. Most individuals be part of organizations at decrease ranges as trainees. These individuals must fulfill their physiological wants first, that’s to earn cash to outlive. As quickly as they’ve learnt their work, they have a look at fulfilling their security wants. Security wants will embody seniority and safety within the job. They aspire to finish their probationary interval efficiently and to be confirmed within the group to make sure job safety. As soon as they’re confirmed, they progress to the subsequent want in hierarchy, which is love want. Love wants will embody the necessity to belong to a pleasant work group and to widen their circle of buddies at work. 
Having acquired all this, they prefer to be acknowledged for his or her work to meet their ego (or esteem) wants or the necessity for standing and promotion. The very best is the necessity for self-image. Most workers don’t attain the self actualization stage, as they get busy fulfilling their ego (or esteem) wants by performing effectively and getting promotions, standing and climbing up the ladder of seniority. 

Douglas’s X and Y Theory and Its Application 

Of the 2 theories X and Y, Idea Y is extra vital for organizational progress. To be able to retain workers within the Y class, organizations must continuously inspire them, for which among the following methods perhaps used. 
Organizations can decentralize energy and management, and scale back the variety of ranges or layers of hierarchy, as managers could have extra subordinates, they are going to be pressured to delegate some duty and decision-making to them. Idea Y can be utilized for job enlargement by broadening the scope of worker’s job by including selection and alternatives to fulfill ego want. Idea Y is essential for participative administration by consulting workers within the decision-making course of to make them really feel vital, faucet their inventive capability, and supply them with some management over their work surroundings. Final however not the least, it may be used very successfully for efficiency appraisal by asking the worker to set their very own aims and take part within the means of evaluating their very own efficiency by how effectively they met their aims. If correctly applied, such an surroundings would end in a excessive stage of workforce motivation as workers work to fulfill their greater stage private wants by means of their jobs. 

Alderfer’s ERG Theory and Its Application 

Alderfer’s ERG Idea
The implications of the ERG concept for managers are just like the implications of the wants hierarchy. Managers ought to deal with assembly their worker’s wants for existence, relatedness and progress with out essentially making use of the situation that they’ll obtain job security solely after they fulfill their job duties. Which means that if workers have job safety together with their fundamental wants, their motivation ranges shall be greater. 

Herzberg’s Two Factors Theory and Its Application 

Herzberg’s Two Elements Idea
Herzberg collected knowledge about individuals’s satisfaction or dissatisfaction with their job utilizing the essential incident method. The evaluation of this knowledge led to suggest two units of wants: one set of wants triggered dissatisfaction to individuals in the event that they have been met. Utilizing his prior expertise within the discipline of well being, Herzberg proposed his two-factor concept. 
Herzberg’s concept of labor motivation has led to job enrichment packages, entailing redesigning of jobs. Job enrichment makes an attempt to construct many motivators into the job as attainable. The speculation has additionally made clear that incentives and excessive salaries alongside aren’t sufficient to inspire workers. Organizations want to acknowledge their worker’s work and create higher alternatives of progress and development from them.

J. S. Adams’s Equity Theory and Its Application

Fairness Idea of Motivation
In response to John Stacey Adams, the satisfaction depends upon a person’s notion and reasonableness. Making use of this concept when conducting an organization’s efficiency value determinations entails balancing the evaluation of an worker’s contribution to his job with the compensation and different rewards related together with his success. On the whole, extremely paid and rewarded workers are usually essentially the most motivated to proceed performing effectively on the job.

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